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FMRF-amide (Cardio-excitatory Peptide) Antibody

FMRF-amide (Cardio-excitatory Peptide) Antibody
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Price: $250.00
Product ID : 20091
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Description

The ImmunoStar FMRF-Amide antiserum was quality control tested using standard immunohistochemical methods. The antiserum demonstrates strongly positive labeling of rat hypothalamus and spinal cord using indirect immunofluorescent and biotin/avidin-HRP techniques. Recommended primary dilution is 1/1,000 - 1/2,000 in PBS/0.3% Triton X-100 - biotin/avidin-HRP Technique.

Staining is completely eliminated by pretreatment of the diluted antibody with 100 µg/mL of FMRF-Amide.

Photo Description: IHC images of FMRF-amide staining in the rat hypothalamus with nickel preparatio (above) and in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord with standard biotin-streptavidin/HRP and DAB chromogen (below). The tissue was fixed with 4% formaldehyde in phosphate buffer, before being removed and prepared for vibratome sectioning for the hypothalamus, and frozen section for the spinal cord. Sections were incubated at RT in 10% goat serum in PBS, before standard IHC procedure. Primary antibody was incubated at 1:2000 for 48 hours, goat anti-rabbit secondary was subsequently added for 1 hour after washing with PBS. Light microscopy staining was achieved with standard biotin-streptavidin/HRP procedure and DAB chromogen.

FMRF-amide #20091

Host: Rabbit

Quantity / Volume:  100 µL

State: Lyophilized Whole Serum

Reacts With: Abalone, Annelida, Crab, Crayfish, Crustacean, Lamprey, Lobster, Marine, Mollusca, Mosquito, Moth, Rat, Sea Cucumber, Snail, Worm, Zebrafish

Availability: In Stock

 

Download Product Spec. SheetFMRF-amide (Cardio-excitatory Peptide) Antibody

 

Journal References:


Ontogeny of modulatory inputs to motor networks: early established projection and progressive neurotransmitter acquisition; Le Feuvre Y, Fenelon VS, Meyrand P.; J Neurosci., 21(4):1313-26, 2001, Tested in Lobster, IFC, Cites Diasorin AKA ImmunoStar, PubMed ID: 11160402

Sequential developmental acquisition of neuromodulatory inputs to a central pattern-generating network; Fénelon VS, Kilman V, Meyrand P, Marder E; J Comp Neurol., 408(3):335-51, 1999, Tested in Lobster, Cites Incstar AKA ImmunoStar, PubMed ID: 10340510

Ontogenetic alteration in peptidergic expression within a stable neuronal population in lobster stomatogastric nervous system; Fénelon VS, Casasnovas B, Faumont S, Meyrand P.; J Comp Neurol., 399(3):289-305, 1998, Tested in Lobster, IFC, Cites Incstar AKA ImmunoStar, PubMed ID: 9733079

Hormone Complement of the Cancer productus Sinus Gland and Pericardial Organ: An Anatomical and Mass Spectrometric Investigation; Fu Q, Kutz K, Schmidt J, Hsu Y, Messinger D, Cain S, Iglesia H, Christine A, Li L; The Journal of Comparative Neurology, 493:607-626, 2005, Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 16304631

Neuromodulatory complement of the pericardial organs in the embryonic lobster, Homarus americanus.; Pulver SR, Marder E; J Comp Neurol ,451(1):79-90, 2002, Tested in Lobster, PubMed ID: 12209843

Comparison of immunoreactivity to serotonin, FMRFamide and SCPb in the gut and visceral nervous system of larvae, pupae and adults of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti; David and Stacia Moffett; The Journal of Insect Science,5(20):, 2005, Tested in Mosquito, PubMed ID: 16341252


Helm, Conrad, et al. "Immunohistochemical investigations of Myzostoma cirriferum and Mesomyzostoma cf. katoi (Myzostomida, Annelida) with implications for the evolution of the myzostomid body plan." Zoomorphology: 1-15.

Koziol, Uriel, et al. "The unique stem cell system of the immortal larva of the human parasite Echinococcus multilocularis." EvoDevo 5.1 (2014): 10. Tested in    Monkey, Gerbil, and Worm, PubMed ID: 24602211

Amiel, Aldine R., Jonathan Q. Henry, and Elaine C. Seaver. "An organizing activity is required for head patterning and cell fate specification in the polychaete annelidCapitella teleta: New insights into cell–cell signaling in Lophotrochozoa." Developmental biology 379.1 (2013): 107-122. PubMed ID: 23608454

Schulze, Corinna, Ricardo C. Neves, and Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa. "Comparative immunohistochemical investigation on the nervous system of two species of Arthrotardigrada (Heterotardigrada, Tardigrada)." Zoologischer Anzeiger-A Journal of Comparative Zoology (2013).

Li, Liang, et al. "Distribution and morphology of calcitonin gene-related peptide and substance P immunoreactive axons in the whole-mount atria of mice." Autonomic Neuroscience (2013). Tested in Mouse, PubMed ID: 24433968

Penniman, Jacob R., Margaret K. Doll, and Anthony Pires. "Neural correlates of settlement in veliger larvae of the gastropod, Crepidula fornicata." Invertebrate Biology 132.1 (2013): 14-26.

Mayer, Georg, et al. "Neural markers reveal a one-segmented head in tardigrades (water bears)." PloS one 8.3 (2013): e59090. Tested in Macrobiotus (Water Bear), PubMed ID: 23516602

Miyamoto, Norio, Ayuta Shinozaki, and Yoshihiro Fujiwara. "Neuroanatomy of the Vestimentiferan Tubeworm Lamellibrachia satsuma Provides Insights into the Evolution of the Polychaete Nervous System." PloS one 8.1 (2013): e55151. Tested in Worm, PubMed ID: 23372830

Lillvis, Joshua L., and Paul S. Katz. "Parallel evolution of serotonergic neuromodulation underlies independent evolution of rhythmic motor behavior." The Journal of Neuroscience 33.6 (2013): 2709-2717. Tested in Sea Slug, PubMed ID: 23392697

Ajayi, Abayomi, and Boonsirm Withyachumnarnkul. "Presence and distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the sea cucumber Holothuria scabra (Jaeger, 1833)." Zoomorphology 132.3 (2013): 285-300. Tested in Sea Cucumber.

Mayer, Georg, et al. "Selective neuronal staining in tardigrades and onychophorans provides insights into the evolution of segmental ganglia in panarthropods." BMC evolutionary biology 13.1 (2013): 230. Tested in Micro-Organisms, PubMed ID: 24152256

Shun’kina, K. V., et al. "Serotonin and FMRFamide immunoreactive elements in the nervous system of freshwater bryozoans (Bryozoa: Phylactolaemata)." Doklady Biological Sciences. Vol. 451. No. 1. Springer US, 2013. PubMed ID: 23975468

Schulze, Corinna, and Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa. "The architecture of the nervous system of Echiniscus testudo (Echiniscoidea, Heterotardigrada)." Journal of Limnology 72.1s (2013): e6.

Raikova, E. V. "The nervous system of parasitic cnidarian Polypodium hydriforme." Cell and Tissue Biology 7.5 (2013): 458-464.

Faller, Simone, et al. "Comparative neuroanatomy of Caudofoveata, Solenogastres, Polyplacophora, and Scaphopoda (Mollusca) and its phylogenetic implications." Zoomorphology 131.2 (2012): 149-170.

Faller, Simone. Comparative neuroanatomy of Mollusks and Nemerteans in the context of deep metazoan phylogeny. Diss. Universitätsbibliothek, 2012.

Elena Temereva and Andreas Wanninger; Development of the nervous system in Phoronopsis harmeri (Lophotrochozoa, Phoronida) reveals both deuterostome- and trochozoan-like features; BMC Evolutionary Biology,12:121 (2012), Tested in Marine, PubMed ID: 22827441

TUCHINA, Oksana P., Valery V. ZHUKOV, and Victor B. MEYER-ROCHOW. "Distribution of serotonin and FMRF-amide in the brain of Lymnaea stagnalis with respect to the visual system." Dong wu xue yan jiu= Zoological research/" Dong wu xue yan jiu" bian ji wei yuan hui bian ji 33.E1-2 (2012): e1-12. Tested in Lymnaea Stagnalis (Snail), PubMed ID: 22653864

Dyachuk, V., A. Wanninger, and Elena E. Voronezhskaya. "Innervation of bivalve larval catch muscles by serotonergic and FMRF amidergic neurons." Acta Biologica Hungarica 63 (2012): 221-229. PubMed ID: 22776498

Miyagi, Masayuki, et al. "ISSLS prize winner: disc dynamic compression in rats produces long-lasting increases in inflammatory mediators in discs and induces long-lasting nerve injury and regeneration of the afferent fibers innervating discs: a pathomechanism for chronic discogenic low back pain." Spine 37.21 (2012): 1810-1818. Tested in Rat, PubMed ID: 22366969

Odintsova, Nelly A., and Maria A. Maiorova. "Localization of αvβ3-like integrin in cultivated larval cells of the mussel Mytilus trossulus during neuronal and muscle differentiation." Journal of molecular histology 43.4 (2012): 449-459. PubMed ID: 22673772

Lillvis JL, Gunaratne CA, Katz PS.; Neurochemical and Neuroanatomical Identification of Central Pattern Generator Neuron Homologues in Nudipleura; Molluscs    Plos One,7(2):e31737 (2012), Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 22363716

Luke A. Hoekstra, Leonid L. Moroz, Andreas Heyland; Novel Insights into the Echinoderm Nervous System from Histaminergic and FMRFaminergic-Like Cells in the Sea Cucumber Leptosynapta clarki; PLoS ONE,7:1-11 (2012), Tested in Sea Cucumber, PubMed ID: 22970182

Randi S. Huusgaard, Bent Vismann, Michael Kühl, Martin Macnaugton, Veronica Colmander, Greg W. Rouse, Adrian G. Glover, Thomas Dahlgren, and Katrine Worsaae; The Potent Respiratory System of Osedax mucofloris (Siboglinidae, Annelida) - A Prerequisite for the Origin of Bone-Eating Osedax?; PLoS One,7(4):e35975 (2012), Tested in Marine, PubMed ID: 22558289

Hochberg, Rick, and Sarah Atherton. "A new species ofLepidodasys(Gastrotricha, Macrodasyida) from Panama with a description of its peptidergic nervous system using CLSM, anti-FMRFamide and anti-SCP B." Zoologischer Anzeiger-A Journal of Comparative Zoology 250.2 (2011): 111-122. Tested in Lepidodasy.

Tuchina, Oksana P., Valery V. Zhukov, and Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow. "Afferent and efferent pathways in the visual system of the freshwater snail Planorbarius corneus." Zoological Research 32.4 (2011): 403-420. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 21842537

Rieger, Verena, et al. "Development of the nervous system in hatchlings of Spadella cephaloptera (Chaetognatha), and implications for nervous system evolution in Bilateria." Development, growth & differentiation 53.5 (2011): 740-759. Tested in Spadella Cephaloptera (Arrow Worm), PubMed ID: 21671921

Sakurai A, Newcomb JM, Lillvis JL, Katz PS.; Different roles for homologous interneurons in species exhibiting similar rhythmic behaviors; Curr Biol.,21(12):1036-43 (2011), Tested in Mollusca, PubMed ID: 21620707

Gayoso, José Ángel, et al. "Differential bulbar and extrabulbar projections of diverse olfactory receptor neuron populations in the adult zebrafish (Danio rerio)." Journal of Comparative Neurology 519.2 (2011): 247-276. Tested in Zebrafish, PubMed ID: 21165974

Patrick Beckers, Simone Faller, Rudi Loesel; Lophotrochozoan neuroanatomy: An analysis of the brain and nervous system of Lineus viridis (Nemertea) using different staining techniques; Frontiers in Zoology,8:1-12 (2011), Tested in Worm, PubMed ID: 21771310

Lee, Lucy EJ, et al. "Misidentification of OLGA-PH-J/92, believed to be the only crustacean cell line." In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Animal 47.9 (2011): 665-674. PubMed ID: 21938590

Cummins, Scott F., et al. "Molecular analysis of two FMRFamide‐encoding transcripts expressed during the development of the tropical abalone haliotis asinina." Journal of Comparative Neurology 519.10 (2011): 2043-2059. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 21452226

Longley, Roger D. "Neurogenesis in the Procerebrum of the Snail Helix aspersa: a Quantitative Analysis." The Biological Bulletin 221.2 (2011): 215-226. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 22042440

Mißbach, Christine, Steffen Harzsch, and Bill S. Hansson. "New insights into an ancient insect nose: The olfactory pathway ofLepismachilis y-signata(Archaeognatha: Machilidae)." Arthropod structure & development 40.4 (2011): 317-333. Tested in Lepismachilis Y-Signata, PubMed ID: 21665539

Sombke, Andy, Steffen Harzsch, and Bill S. Hansson. "Organization of deutocerebral neuropils and olfactory behavior in the centipede Scutigera coleoptrata (Linnaeus, 1758)(Myriapoda: Chilopoda)." Chemical senses 36.1 (2011): 43-61. Tested in Centipede, PubMed ID: 20962283

Rothe, Birgen H., Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa, and Alexander Kieneke. "The nervous system of Neodasys chaetonotoideus (Gastrotricha: Neodasys) revealed by combining confocal laserscanning and transmission electron microscopy: evolutionary comparison of neuroanatomy within the Gastrotricha and basal Protostomia." Zoomorphology 130.1 (2011): 51-84.
Harzsch, S., et al. "Transition from marine to terrestrial ecologies: changes in olfactory and tritocerebral neuropils in land-living isopods." Arthropod structure & development 40.3 (2011): 244-257. PubMed ID: 21641866

Heuer, Carsten M., et al. "Comparative neuroanatomy suggests repeated reduction of neuroarchitectural complexity in Annelida." Front Zool 7 (2010): 13. Tested in Cockroach and Worm, PubMed ID: 20441583

Moeller, John F., and Michael Meredith. "Differential co-localization with choline acetyltransferase in nervus terminalis suggests functional differences for GnRH isoforms in bonnethead sharks (Sphyrna tiburo)." Brain research 1366 (2010): 44-53. Tested in Shark, PubMed ID: 20950589

Wollesen, Tim, et al. "FMRFamide gene and peptide expression during central nervous system development of the cephalopod mollusk, Idiosepius notoides." Evolution & development 12.2 (2010): 113-130. Tested in Mollusk, PubMed ID: 20433453

Rieger, Verena, et al. "Immunohistochemical analysis and 3D reconstruction of the cephalic nervous system in Chaetognatha: insights into the evolution of an early bilaterian brain?." Invertebrate biology 129.1 (2010): 77-104.

Odintsova, Nelly A., Vyacheslav A. Dyachuk, and Leonid P. Nezlin. "Muscle and neuronal differentiation in primary cell culture of larval Mytilus trossulus (Mollusca: Bivalvia)." Cell and tissue research 339.3 (2010): 625-637. Tested in Mussel (Mytilus Trossulus), PubMed ID: 20140457

Kiss, T., et al. "Peptidergic modulation of serotonin and nerve elicited responses of the salivary duct muscle in the snail,Helix pomatia." Peptides 31.6 (2010): 1007-1018. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 20307609

Rothe, Birgen Holger, and Andreas Schmidt‐Rhaesa. "Structure of the nervous system in Tubiluchus troglodytes (Priapulida)." Invertebrate biology 129.1 (2010): 39-58.

Calvin, Amanda, and Angela B. Lange. "The association of the FMRFamide-related peptide family with the heart of the stick insect, Baculum extradentatum." Open Access Insect Physiology 2 (2010): 1-10.

Rothe, Birgen H., and Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa. "Architecture of the nervous system in two Dactylopodola species (Gastrotricha, Macrodasyida)." Zoomorphology 128.3 (2009): 227-246.    

Dyachuk, Vyacheslav, and Nelly Odintsova. "Development of the larval muscle system in the mussel Mytilus trossulus (Mollusca, Bivalvia)." Development, growth & differentiation 51.2 (2009): 69-79. Tested in Mussel, PubMed ID: 19207179

Harzsch, Steffen, et al. "Fine structure of the ventral nerve centre and interspecific identification of individual neurons in the enigmatic Chaetognatha." Zoomorphology 128.1 (2009): 53-73.

Ashley L. Gard, Petra H. Lenz, Joseph R. Shaw, Andrew E. Christie; "Identification of putative peptide paracrines/hormones in the water flea Daphnia pulex (Crustacea; Branchiopoda; Cladocera) using transcriptomics and immunohistochemistry"; General and Comparative Endocrinology,160:271–287 (2009), Tested in Crustacean, PubMed ID: 19135444

Fukushima, Ryota, and Ryohei Kanzaki. "Modular subdivision of mushroom bodies by Kenyon cells in the silkmoth." Journal of Comparative Neurology 513.3 (2009): 315-330. Tested in Moth, PubMed ID: 19148932

Monique Médinaa,b, Jacques Repéranta, Roger Warda, Bruno Jaya, Dom Micelia, Natalia Kenigfesta; Preoptic FMRF-amide-like immunoreactive projections to the retina in the lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis); Brain Research,1273:58 – 65 (2009), Tested in Lamprey, PubMed ID: 19344699

Wollesen, T., R. Loesel, and A. Wanninger. "Pygmy squids and giant brains: mapping the complex cephalopod CNS by phalloidin staining of vibratome sections and whole-mount preparations." Journal of neuroscience methods 179.1 (2009): 63-67. Tested in Pygmy Squid, PubMed ID: 19428513

Stevens, J. S., et al. "The peptide hormone pQDLDHVFLRFamide (crustacean myosuppressin) modulates the Homarus americanus cardiac neuromuscular system at multiple sites." The Journal of experimental biology 212.24 (2009): 3961-3976. Tested in Lobster, PubMed ID: 19946074

Heuer, C. M., and R. Loesel. "Three-dimensional reconstruction of mushroom body neuropils in the polychaete species Nereis diversicolor and Harmothoe areolata (Phyllodocida, Annelida)." Zoomorphology 128.3 (2009): 219-226.

Harzsch, Steffen, and Bill S. Hansson. "Brain architecture in the terrestrial hermit crab Coenobita clypeatus (Anomura, Coenobitidae), a crustacean with a good aerial sense of smell." BMC neuroscience 9.1 (2008): 58. Tested in Hermit Crab, PubMed ID: 18590553

Serfözö Z, Szentmiklósi AJ, Elekes K; Characterization of nitric oxidergic neurons in the alimentary tract of the snail Helix pomatia L.: histochemical and physiological study; J Comp Neurol.,506(5):801-21 (2008), Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 18076086

Haselton, Aaron T., Chih-Ming Yin, and John G. Stoffolano Jr. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the central nervous system and alimentary tract of the non-hematophagous blow fly, Phormia regina, and the hematophagous horse fly, Tabanus nigrovittatus." Journal of insect science 8 (2008). Tested in Fly, PubMed ID: 20302523

Heuer, C. M., and R. Loesel. "Immunofluorescence analysis of the internal brain anatomy of Nereis diversicolor (Polychaeta, Annelida)." Cell and tissue research 331.3 (2008): 713-724. Tested in Ragworm, PubMed ID: 18071754

Lindsay, Sara M., Jennifer L. Jackson, and David L. Forest. "Morphology of anterior regeneration in two spionid polychaete species: implications for feeding efficiency." Invertebrate biology 127.1 (2008): 65-79. Tested in Spionid Polychaete.

Mackie, George O., and Robert W. Meech. "Nerves in the endodermal canals of hydromedusae and their role in swimming inhibition." Invertebrate Neuroscience 8.4 (2008): 199-209. Tested in Anthomedusae, PubMed ID: 19002509

Forest, David L., and Sara M. Lindsay. "Observations of serotonin and FMRFamide‐like immunoreactivity in palp sensory structures and the anterior nervous system of spionid polychaetes." Journal of morphology 269.5 (2008): 544-551. Tested in Spionid Polychaetes, PubMed ID: 18157865

Gonzales, Eric E., et al. "Brefeldin A or monensin inhibits the 3D organizer in gastropod, polyplacophoran, and scaphopod molluscs." Development genes and evolution 217.2 (2007): 105-118. Tested in Mollusc, PubMed ID: 17120024

Edwards, Jeffrey G., et al. "Cholinergic innervation of the zebrafish olfactory bulb." Journal of Comparative Neurology 504.6 (2007): 631-645. Tested in Zebrafish, PubMed ID: 17722029

Hochberg, Rick. "Comparative immunohistochemistry of the cerebral ganglion in Gastrotricha: an analysis of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in Neodasys cirritus (Chaetonotida), Xenodasys riedli and Turbanella cf. hyalina (Macrodasyida)." Zoomorphology 126.4 (2007): 245-264. Tested in Marine Gastrotrichs.

Hejnol, Andreas, Mark Q. Martindale, and Jonathan Q. Henry. "High-resolution fate map of the snail  Crepidula fornicata  : The origins of ciliary bands, nervous system, and muscular elements." Developmental biology 305.1 (2007): 63-76. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 17346693

Zaitseva, O. V., T. G. Markosova, and R. V. Smirnov. "Monoamine-and peptide-containing elements in the body wall and nervous trunks of nemerteans." Russian Journal of Marine Biology 33.4 (2007): 245-253.

Wollesen, Tim, Andreas Wanninger, and Annette Klussmann-Kolb. "Neurogenesis of cephalic sensory organs of Aplysia californica." Cell and tissue research 330.2 (2007): 361-379. Tested in Gastropod (Slug), PubMed ID: 17710438

Fort, Timothy J., Vladimir Brezina, and Mark W. Miller. "Regulation of the crab heartbeat by FMRFamide-like peptides: multiple interacting effects on center and periphery." Journal of neurophysiology 98.5 (2007): 2887-2902. Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 17804580

Garm, Anders, et al. "The ring nerve of the box jellyfish Tripedalia cystophora." Cell and tissue research 329.1 (2007): 147-157. Tested in Jellyfish, PubMed ID: 17340150

Skiebe, Petra, et al. "Allatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the abdomen of the locust Schistocerca gregaria." Cell and tissue research 325.1 (2006): 163-174. Tested in Locust, PubMed ID: 16534604

Skogh, Charlotta, et al. "Bilaterally symmetrical rhopalial nervous system of the box jellyfish Tripedalia cystophora." Journal of morphology 267.12 (2006): 1391-1405. Tested in Jellyfish, PubMed ID: 16874799

Croll, Roger P. "Development of embryonic and larval cells containing serotonin, catecholamines, and FMRFamide-related peptides in the gastropod mollusc Phestilla sibogae." The Biological Bulletin 211.3 (2006): 232-247. Tested in Phestilla Sibogae (Sea Slug), PubMed ID: 17179383

López, Jesús M., et al. "Distribution of neuropeptide FF-like immunoreactivity in the brain of Dermophis mexicanus (Amphibia; Gymnophiona): comparison with FMRFamide immunoreactivity." Brain, behavior and evolution 67.3 (2006): 150-164. Tested in Dermophis Mexicanus Mexican Caecilian (Amphibian), PubMed ID: 16415570

Page, Louise R. "Early differentiating neuron in larval abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) reveals the relationship between ontogenetic torsion and crossing of the pleurovisceral nerve cords." Evolution & development 8.5 (2006): 458-467. Tested in Abalone (Sea Snail), PubMed ID: 16925681

Bode, A., et al. "Immunogold-labeled S-phase neoblasts, total neoblast number, their distribution, and evidence for arrested neoblasts in Macrostomum lignano (Platyhelminthes, Rhabditophora)." Cell and tissue research 325.3 (2006): 577-587. PubMed ID: 16642372

Cruz‐Bermúdez, Nelson D., et al. "Mass spectrometric characterization and physiological actions of GAHKNYLRFamide, a novel FMRFamide‐like peptide from crabs of the genus Cancer." Journal of neurochemistry 97.3 (2006): 784-799. Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 16515542

Braubach, Oliver R., et al. "Neural control of the velum in larvae of the gastropod, Ilyanassa obsoleta." Journal of experimental biology 209.23 (2006): 4676-4689. Tested in Caenogastropod, PubMed ID: 17114401

Rőszer, Tamás, et al. "Phe-met-arg-phe (FMRF)-amide is a substrate source of NO synthase in the gastropod nervous system." Cell and tissue research 325.3 (2006): 567-575. Tested in Gastropod (Slug), PubMed ID: 16612629

Carmel McDougall, Wei-Chung Chen, Sebastian M Shimeld and David EK Ferrier; "The development of the larval nervous system, musculature and ciliary bands of Pomatoceros lamarckii (Annelida): heterochrony in
polychaetes"; BioMed Central,0.1361:1-14 (2006), Tested in Annelida (Segmented Worm), PubMed ID: 17032451

Rőszer, T., et al. "The neuropeptide FMRFamide can protect cells against apoptosis in the snail digestive gland." Apoptosis 11.2 (2006): 173-182. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 16502256

Terenina, N. B., et al. "The spatial relationship between the musculature and the NADPH-diaphorase activity, 5-HT and FMRFamide immunoreactivities in redia, cercaria and adultEchinoparyphium aconiatum(Digenea)." Tissue and Cell 38.2 (2006): 151-157. Tested in Worm (Digenea), PubMed ID: 16494908

Girosi, Laura, et al. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the sea-fan Eunicella cavolini (Cnidaria: Octocorallia)." Cell and tissue research 320.2 (2005): 331-336. Tested in Octocorallia (Soft Coral), PubMed ID: 15782321

Médina, Monique, et al. "GnRH-immunoreactive centrifugal visual fibers in the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)." Brain research 1052.1 (2005): 112-117. Tested in Crocodile, PubMed ID: 16002052

Iwano, Masaaki, and Ryohei Kanzaki. "Immunocytochemical identification of neuroactive substances in the antennal lobe of the male silkworm moth Bombyx mori." Zoological science 22.2 (2005): 199-211. Tested in Moth, PubMed ID: 15738640

Daniel I. Messinger, Kimberly K. Kutz, Thuc Le, Derek R. Verley, Yun-Wei A. Hsu, Christina T. Ngo, Shaun D. Cain, John T. Birmingham, Lingjun Li, and Andrew E. Christie; Identification and characterization of a tachykinin-containing neuroendocrine organ in the commissural ganglion of the crab Cancer productus; The Journal of Experimental Biology,208:3303-3319 (2005), Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 16109892

Harzsch, Steffen, Miriam Wildt, and Dieter Waloszek. "Immunohistochemical localization of neurotransmitters in the nervous system of larvalLimulus polyphemus(Chelicerata, Xiphosura): evidence for a conserved protocerebral architecture in Euarthropoda." Arthropod structure & development 34.3 (2005): 327-342.

Sommerfeldt, Nora, and Michael Schrödl. "Microanatomy of Hedylopsis ballantinei, a new interstitial acochlidian gastropod from the Red Sea, and its significance for phylogeny." Journal of Molluscan Studies 71.2 (2005): 153-165.

Wanninger, Andreas, et al. "Nervous and muscle system development in Phascolion strombus (Sipuncula)." Development genes and evolution 215.10 (2005): 509-518. Tested in Phascolion Strombus (Sipuncula), PubMed ID: 16133569

Kononenko, Natalia L., and Valery V. Zhukov. "Neuroanatomical and immunocytochemical studies of the head retractor muscle innervation in the pond snail,Lymnaea stagnalis L." Zoology 108.3 (2005): 217-237. Tested in Lymnaea Stagnalis (Snail), PubMed ID: 16351970

Hernádi, László, et al. "Neuroanatomical, immunocytochemical, and physiological studies of the pharyngeal retractor muscle and its putative regulatory neurons playing a role in withdrawal and feeding in the snail, Helix pomatia." Cell and tissue research 321.2 (2005): 257-271. Tested in Helix Pomatia (Snail), PubMed ID: 15959810

Biju, K. C., et al. "Ontogeny of GnRH-like immunoreactive neuronal systems in the forebrain of the Indian major carp,Cirrhinus mrigala." General and comparative endocrinology 141.2 (2005): 161-171. Tested in Carp (Fish), PubMed ID: 15748717

Christie, Andrew E., et al. "Actions of a histaminergic/peptidergic projection neuron on rhythmic motor patterns in the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer borealis." Journal of Comparative Neurology 469.2 (2004): 153-169. Tested in Crab.

Pinelli, Claudia, et al. "Extrabulbar olfactory system and nervus terminalis FMRFamide immunoreactive components inXenopus laevis ontogenesis." Journal of chemical neuroanatomy 28.1 (2004): 37-46. Tested in Frog (Xenopus Tectum), PubMed ID: 15363489

Médina, Monique, et al. "Presumptive FMRF-amide-like immunoreactive retinopetal fibres in  Crocodylus niloticus." Brain research 1025.1 (2004): 231-236. Tested in Crocodile, PubMed ID: 15464765

Christie AE , Cain SD , Edwards JM, Clason TA, Cherny E, Lin M, Manhas AS, Sellereit KL, Cowan NG , Nold KA, Strassburg H-P, and Graubard K; The anterior cardiac plexus: an intrinsic neurosecretory site within the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer productus; The Company of Biologists,207:1163-1182 (2004), Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 14978058

Röszer, T., et al. "A possible stimulatory effect of FMRFamide on neural nitric oxide production in the central nervous system of Helix lucorum L." Brain, behavior and evolution 63.1 (2003): 23-33. PubMed ID: 14673196

Crespo, Miguel, et al. "Comparative analysis of neuropeptide FF-like immunoreactivity in the brain of anuran (Rana perezi,Xenopus laevis) and urodele (Pleurodeles waltl) amphibians." Journal of chemical neuroanatomy 25.1 (2003): 53-71. Tested in    Frog (Xenopus Laevis) and Salamander (Urodele), PubMed ID: 12573459

Dickinson, Amanda JG, and Roger P. Croll. "Development of the larval nervous system of the gastropod Ilyanassa obsoleta." Journal of Comparative Neurology 466.2 (2003): 197-218. Tested in Ilyanassa Obsoleta (Sea Snail), PubMed ID: 14528448

Voronezhskaya, E. E., and K. Elekes. "Expression of FMRFamide gene encoded peptides by identified neurons in embryos and juveniles of the pulmonate snail Lymnaea stagnalis." Cell and tissue research 314.2 (2003): 297-313. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 14505033

Page, Louise R. "Gastropod ontogenetic torsion: developmental remnants of an ancient evolutionary change in body plan." Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution 297.1 (2003): 11-26. PubMed ID: 12955840

Ratel, G., and C. Michotte. "KEY COMPARISON: BIPM comparison BIPM. RI (II)-K1. Lu-177 of activity measurements of the radionuclide 177Lu." Metrologia 40 (2003): 6028-7000.

Stay, B., et al. "Localization and physiological effects of RFamides in the corpora allata of the cockroach  Diploptera punctata  in relation to allatostatins." Peptides 24.10 (2003): 1501-1510. Tested in Cockroach, PubMed ID: 14706529

Weiss, Torsten, Sabine Kreissl, and Werner Rathmayer. "Localization of a FMRFamide‐related peptide in efferent neurons and analysis of neuromuscular effects of DRNFLRFamide (DF2) in the crustacean Idotea emarginata." European Journal of Neuroscience 17.2 (2003): 239-248. Tested in    Idotea Emarginata (Isopod), PubMed ID: 12542660

Voronezhskaya, Elena E., Eugeni B. Tsitrin, and Leonid P. Nezlin. "Neuronal development in larval polychaete Phyllodoce maculata (Phyllodocidae)." Journal of Comparative Neurology 455.3 (2003): 299-309. Tested in Phyllodoce Maculata (Phyllodocidae), PubMed ID: 12483683

Singru, Praful S., Amul J. Sakharkar, and Nishikant Subhedar. "Neuronal nitric oxide synthase in the olfactory system of an adult teleost fishOreochromis mossambicus." Brain research 977.2 (2003): 157-168. Tested in Fish, PubMed ID: 12834876

Biju, K. C., et al. "Reproduction phase-related expression of GnRH-like immunoreactivity in the olfactory receptor neurons, their projections to the olfactory bulb and in the nervus terminalis in the female Indian major carpCirrhinus mrigala(Ham.)." General and comparative endocrinology 133.3 (2003): 358-367. Tested in Carp (Fish), PubMed ID: 12957480

Malz, Cordula Renate, and Hans-Jürg Kuhn. "Calretinin and FMRFamide immunoreactivity in the nervus terminalis of prenatal tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri)." Developmental brain research 135.1 (2002): 39-44. Tested in Shrew, PubMed ID: 11978391

Lee, E., et al. "Characterization and baculovirus-directed expression of a myosuppressin encoding cDNA from the true armyworm,Pseudaletia unipuncta." Peptides 23.4 (2002): 747-756. Tested in Pseudaletia Unipuncta (Moth), PubMed ID: 11897394

Haszprunar, Gerhard, et al. "Fine structure and immunocytochemistry of a new chemosensory system in the chiton larva (Mollusca: Polyplacophora)." Journal of morphology 251.2 (2002): 210-218. Tested in Polyplacophora (Chitons), PubMed ID: 11748704

Friedrich, Stefan, et al. "Neurogenesis in the mossy chiton, Mopalia muscosa (Gould)(Polyplacophora): evidence against molluscan metamerism." Journal of morphology 253.2 (2002): 109-117. Tested in Mopalia Muscosa (Mossy Chiton), PubMed ID: 12112126

Voronezhskaya, Elena E., Sergei A. Tyurin, and Leonid P. Nezlin. "Neuronal development in larval chiton Ischnochiton hakodadensis (Mollusca: Polyplacophora)." Journal of Comparative Neurology 444.1 (2002): 25-38. Tested in Chiton, PubMed ID: 11835180

Pineda, David, et al. "The genetic network of prototypic planarian eye regeneration is Pax6 independent." Development 129.6 (2002): 1423-1434. Tested in    Planarian, PubMed ID: 11880351

Castro, Antonio, et al. "Distribution and development of FMRFamide‐like immunoreactive neuronal systems in the brain of the brown trout, Salmo trutta fario." Journal of Comparative Neurology 440.1 (2001): 43-64. Tested in Brown Trout (Fish), PubMed ID: 11745607

Lange, Angela B. "Feeding state influences the content of FMRFamide-and tachykinin-related peptides in endocrine-like cells of the midgut ofLocusta migratoria☆." Peptides 22.2 (2001): 229-234. Tested in Locusta Migratoria (Locust), PubMed ID: 11179816

Rankin, Susan M., and Shannon M. Seymour. "FMRFamide‐like material in the earwig, Euborellia annulipes, and its functional significance." Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology 47.4 (2001): 189-197. Tested in Earwig/forcep bug, PubMed ID: 11462223

Jadhao, Arun G. "Localization of molluscan cardioexcitatory tetrapeptide in the brain of African Cichlid fish (Haplochromis burtoni) revealed by immunocytochemistry." Neuroscience letters 303.2 (2001): 103-106. Tested in Cichlid Fish, PubMed ID: 11311503

Dickinson, Amanda JG, and Roger P. Croll. "Neurocalcin‐like immunoreactivity in embryonic stages of the gastropod molluscs Aplysia californica and Lymnaea stagnalis." Invertebrate Biology 120.3 (2001): 206-216.

Schmidt, Manfred. "Neuronal differentiation and long‐term survival of newly generated cells in the olfactory midbrain of the adult spiny lobster, Panulirus argus." Journal of neurobiology 48.3 (2001): 181-203. Tested in Lobster, PubMed ID: 11466706

Reuter, Maria, Olga I. Raikova, and Margaretha KS Gustafsson. "Patterns in the nervous and muscle systems in lower flatworms." Belg J Zool 131.Supplement I (2001): 47-53.

Pinelli, Claudia, et al. "Comparative immunocytochemical study of FMRFamide neuronal system in the brain ofDanio rerio andAcipenser ruthenus during development." Developmental Brain Research 119.2 (2000): 195-208. Tested in Zebrafish, PubMed ID: 10675769

Dickinson, A. J., Roger P. Croll, and Elena E. Voronezhskaya. "Development of embryonic cells containing serotonin, catecholamines, and FMRFamide-related peptides in Aplysia californica." The Biological Bulletin 199.3 (2000): 305-315. Tested in Aplysia (Sea Slug), PubMed ID: 11147711

Ohsuga, Kenji, Makoto Kurokawa, and Kiyoaki Kuwasawa. "Mosaic arrangement of SCPB-, FMRFamide-, and histamine-like immunoreactive sensory hair cells in the statocyst of the gastropod mollusc Pleurobranchaea japonica." Cell and tissue research 300.1 (2000): 165-172. Tested in Pleurobranchaea Japonica (Sea Slug), PubMed ID: 10805085

Blitz, Dawn M., et al. "Different proctolin neurons elicit distinct motor patterns from a multifunctional neuronal network." The Journal of neuroscience 19.13 (1999): 5449-5463. Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 10377354

Becherer, Christine, and Axel Schmid. "Distribution of γ-aminobutyric acid-, proctolin-,Periplaneta hypertrehalosaemic hormone-and FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the visual ganglia of the spiderCupienniussalei Keys." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 122.2 (1999): 267-275.

Alania, M. A., Y. V. Panchin, and D. A. Sakharov. "Pleural-buccal interneurons in the pteropod mollusc Clione limacina." Journal of Comparative Physiology A 185.3 (1999): 267-275.

O'Gara, Bruce A., et al. "Regulation of pharyngeal motility by FMRFamide and related peptides in the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis." Invertebrate Neuroscience 4.1 (1999): 0041-0053. Tested in Leech, PubMed ID: 12491073

Reuter, M., O. I. Raikova, and M. K. S. Gustafsson. "An endocrine brain? The pattern of FMRF-amide immunoreactivity in Acoela (Plathelminthes)." Tissue and Cell 30.1 (1998): 57-63. Tested in Acoela (Flatworm), PubMed ID: 9569678

Oelschläger, H. A., C. Helpert, and R. G. Northcutt. "Coexistence of FMRFamide-like and LHRH-like immunoreactivity in the terminal nerve and forebrain of the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus." Brain, behavior and evolution 52.3 (1998): 139-147. Tested in Bat, PubMed ID: 9693160

Fuse, Megumi, et al. "In situ hybridization analysis of leucomyosuppressin mRNA expression in the cockroach, Diploptera punctata." Journal of Comparative Neurology 395.3 (1998): 328-341. Tested in Diploptera Punctata (Beetle Cockroach), PubMed ID: 9596527

Lange, Angela B., and Ian Orchard. "The effects of SchistoFLRFamide on contractions of locust midgut." Peptides 19.3 (1998): 459-467. Tested in Locust, PubMed ID: 9533633

Hernadi, Laszlo, et al. "The organization of serotonin-, dopamine-, and FMRFamide-containing neuronal elements and their possible role in the regulation of spontaneous contraction of the gastrointestinal tract in the snail Helix pomatia." Journal of neurocytology 27.10 (1998): 761-775. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 10640191

Lubics, Andrea, et al. "Co-localization of serotonin and FMRFamide-like immunoreactivities in the central nervous system of the earthworm,Eisenia Jetida." Acta histochemica 99.4 (1997): 459-467. Tested in Worm (Eisenia Fetida), PubMed ID: 9429604

Hirsch, Y-C. Liao, et al. "Combined Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization and Immunocytochemistry Double Labeling in Whole-Mount Manduca." BioTechniques 23.6 (1997): 1000-1006. Tested in Manduca Sexta (Moth), PubMed ID: 9421624

Reglödi, Dóra, et al. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the nervous system of Lumbricus terrestris." Cell and tissue research 288.3 (1997): 575-582. Tested in Worm (Lumbricus Terrestris), PubMed ID: 9134870

Schmidt, Manfred. "Distribution of presumptive chemosensory afferents with FMRFamide-or substance P-like immunoreactivity in decapod crustaceans." Brain research 746.1 (1997): 71-84. Tested in Decapod Crustacea, PubMed ID: 9037486

Repetti, C. F., W. A. Baughman, and V. Shanabrook. "Flow cytometric characterization of a distinct presentation of “biphenotypic” acute leukemias." Clinical Immunology Newsletter 17.6 (1997): 89-90.

Tierney, A. J., J. E. N. N. I. F. E. R. Blanck, and J. Mercier. "FMRFamide-like peptides in the crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) stomatogastric nervous system: distribution and effects on the pyloric motor pattern." Journal of experimental biology 200.24 (1997): 3221-3233. Tested in Crayfish, PubMed ID: 9364028

Nezlin, Leonid, and Elena Voronezhskaya. "GABA-immunoreactive neurones and interactions of GABA with serotonin and FMRFamide in a peripheral sensory ganglion of the pond snailLymnaea stagnalis." Brain research 772.1 (1997): 217-225. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 9406975

Miksys, Sharon, et al. "Localization and Neurohemal Release of FMRFamide-Related Peptides in the Stick InsectCarausius morosus." Peptides 18.1 (1997): 27-40. Tested in Carausius Morosus (Insect), PubMed ID: 9114449

Vorontsova, M. N., L. P. Nezlin, and I. A. Meinertzhagen. "Nervous system of the larva of the ascidian Molgula citrina (Alder and Hancock, 1848)." Acta Zoologica 78.3 (1997): 177-185.

Anctil, Michel, and Cuong Ngo Minh. "Neuronal and nonneuronal taurine-like immunoreactivity in the sea pansy, Renilla koellikeri (Cnidaria, Anthozoa)." Cell and tissue research 288.1 (1997): 127-134. Tested in Sea Pansy, PubMed ID: 9042780

Matsuda, H. I. D. E. K. I., et al. "Neuropeptide-containing nerve fibres in the human parotid gland: a semiquantitative analysis using an antibody against protein gene product 9.5." The Histochemical Journal 29.7 (1997): 539-544. Tested in Human, PubMed ID: 9279556

Donly, B. Cameron, et al. "Characterization of the gene for leucomyosuppressin and its expression in the brain of the cockroach< i> Diploptera punctata." Insect biochemistry and molecular biology 26.6 (1996): 627-637. Tested in Cockroach, PubMed ID: 8969471

Croll, Roger P., and Elena E. Voronezhskaya. "Early elements in gastropod neurogenesis." Developmental biology 173.1 (1996): 344-347. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 8575634

Gustafsson, M. K. S., et al. "NO nerves in a tapeworm. NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry in adult Hymenolepis diminuta." Parasitology 113.06 (1996): 559-565. Tested in Worm, PubMed ID: 8939052

Wegerhoff, R., O. Breidbach, and M. Lobemeier. "Tachykinin-and FMRFamide-like immunopositive neurons in the developing central complex of the beetle Tenebrio molitor." The Peptidergic Neuron. Birkhäuser Basel, 1996. 205-210. Tested in Beetle.

Reuter, Maria, et al. "The nervous system of Tricladida. III. Neuroanatomy ofDendrocoelum lacteum andPolycelis tenuis (Plathelminthes, Paludicola): an immunocytochemical study." Zoomorphology 116.3 (1996): 111-122.

Nevitt, Gabrielle A., et al. "GnRH-like immunoreactivity in the peripheral olfactory system and forebrain of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): a reassessment at multiple life history stages." Brain, behavior and evolution 45.6 (1995): 350-358. PubMed ID: 7663964

Medical and Pharmaceutical Committee. "RI 標識ヒトモノクローナル抗体の臨床利用に関する指針." RADIOISOTOPES 44.8 (1995): 555-558.

Zhu, X. X., W. Y. Zhang, and J. H. Oliver Jr. "Immunocytochemical mapping of FMRFamide-like peptides in the argasid tick Ornithodoros parkeri and the ixodid tick Dermacentor variabilis." Experimental & applied acarology 19.1 (1995): 1-9. Tested in Tick, PubMed ID: 7621708

Elia, A. J., and I. Orchard. "Peptidergic innervation of leg muscles of the cockroach, Periplaneta americana (L.), and a possible role in modulation of muscle contraction." Journal of Comparative Physiology A 176.3 (1995): 425-435. Tested in Cockroach, PubMed ID: 7707272

Noel, Florence, et al. "Recovery of tail-elicited siphon-withdrawal reflex following unilateral axonal injury is associated with ipsi-and contralateral changes in gene expression in Aplysia californica." The Journal of neuroscience 15.10 (1995): 6926-6938. Tested in Aplysia Californica (Sea Slug), PubMed ID: 7472449

Carlberg, Mats, et al. "Taurine-like immunoreactivity in the motor nerve net of the jellyfish Cyanea capillata." The Biological Bulletin 188.1 (1995): 78-82. Tested in Jellyfish.

Reuter, Maria, et al. "The organization of the nervous system in Plathelminthes. The neuropeptide F-immunoreactive pattern in Catenulida, Macrostomida, Proseriata." Zoomorphology 115.2 (1995): 83-97.

Schmidt, Manfred, and Barry W. Ache. "Descending neurons with dopamine-like or with substance P/FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity target the somata of olfactory interneurons in the brain of the spiny lobster, Panulirus argus." Cell and tissue research 278.2 (1994): 337-352. Tested in Lobster, PubMed ID: 7528099

Vallarino, M., et al. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the brain of the lizard< i> Podarcis sicula." Peptides 15.6 (1994): 1057-1065. Tested in    Lizard, PubMed ID: 7991449

Jagdale, Ganpat B., and Roger Gordon. "Distribution of FMRF-amide-like peptide in the nervous system of a mermithid nematode, Romanomermis culicivorax." Parasitology research 80.6 (1994): 467-473.    PubMed ID: 7808996

Breidbach, Olaf, and Rainer Wegerhoff. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactive neurons in the brain of the beetle,Tenebrio molitor L.(coleoptera: tenebrionidae): constancies and variations in development from the embryo to the adult." International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 23.4 (1994): 383-404.

Sukhdeo, S. C., and M. V. K. Sukhdeo. "FMRFamide-related peptides inHymenolepis diminuta: Immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay." Parasitology research 80.5 (1994): 374-380. PubMed ID: 7971923

Xu, Yanli, Leonard J. Cleary, and John H. Byrne. "Identification and characterization of pleural neurons that inhibit tail sensory neurons and motor neurons in Aplysia: correlation with FMRFamide immunoreactivity." The Journal of neuroscience 14.6 (1994): 3565-3577. Tested in Aplysia Californica (Sea Slug), PubMed ID: 8207472

Vallarino, Mauro, et al. "Immunocytochemical evidence for the presence of met‐enkephalin and leu‐enkephalin distinct neurons in the brain of the elasmobranch fish Scyliorhinus canicula." Journal of Comparative Neurology 347.4 (1994): 585-597. Tested in Fish, PubMed ID: 7814676

Miksys, Sharon, and Ian Orchard. "Immunogold labelling of serotonin-like and FMRFamide-like immunoreactive material in neurohaemal areas on abdominal nerves of Rhodnius prolixus." Cell and tissue research 278.1 (1994): 145-151. Tested inRhodnius Prolixus (Bug), PubMed ID: 7954695

Uemura, Haruko, et al. "Immunohistochemical investigation of neuropeptides in the central nervous system of the amphioxus, Branchiostoma belcheri." Cell and tissue research 277.2 (1994): 279-287.

Nezlin, Leonid, et al. "Immunolabeled neuroactive substances in the osphradium of the pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis." Cell and tissue research 275.2 (1994): 269-275. Tested in Snail.

Kusakabe, Tatsumi, Tadashi Kawakami, and Toshifumi Takenaka. "Localization of immunoreactive neuropeptides in the kidney of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, by immunofluorescence." Cell and tissue research 278.1 (1994): 41-44. Tested in Bullfrog, PubMed ID: 7954702

Falugi, C., et al. "Localization of some neurotransmitters during developments hydroidomedusae." Tissue and Cell 26.4 (1994): 523-538. PubMed ID: 18621279

Glenn Northcutt, R., and Linda E. Muske. "Multiple embryonic origins of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) immunoreactive neurons." Developmental brain research 78.2 (1994): 279-290. PubMed ID: 8026083

Becerra, Manuela, et al. "Primary olfactory fibres project to the ventral telencephalon and preoptic region in trout (Salmo trutta): a developmental immunocytochemical study." Journal of Comparative Neurology 342.1 (1994): 131-143. Tested in Trout, PubMed ID: 7515905

Moroz, Leonid, et al. "Serotonin-and FMRFamide-immunoreactive nerve elements in the chiton Lepidopleurus asellus (Mollusca, Polyplacophora)." Cell and tissue research 275.2 (1994): 277-282.

Elekes, K., and J. Ude. "An immunogold electron microscopic analysis of FMRFamide-like immunoreactive neurons in the CNS ofHelix pomatia: ultrastructure and synaptic connections." Journal of neurocytology 22.1 (1993): 1-13. Tested in Lobster, PubMed ID: 8426190

Tatsumi KUSAKABE, Tadashi KAWAKAMI, and Toshifumi TAKENAKA. "Distribution of FMRFamide-immunoreactive nerve fibers in the carotid labyrinth of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana in corresponding differential interference-contrast (Nomarski) images." (1993). Tested in Bullfrog, PubMed ID: 7694606

Norekian, Tigran P., and Richard A. Satterlie. "FMRFamide and GABA produce functionally opposite effects on prey-capture reactions in the pteropod mollusk Clione limacina." The Biological Bulletin 185.2 (1993): 248-262. Tested in Clione Limacina Pteropod (Fruit Bat).

Sakharov, Dmitri, et al. "Patterns of enkephalin immunolabeling in the pulmonate snail Cepaea nemoralis and related molluscs." Brain research 620.1 (1993): 114-121. Tested in Snail, PubMed ID: 8104665

Elia, A. J., V. A. Tebrugge, and I. Orchard. "The pulsatile appearance of FMRFamide-related peptides in the haemolymph and loss of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity from neurohaemal areas ofRhodnius prolixus following a blood meal." Journal of insect physiology 39.6 (1993): 459-469.

MOTA, Diógenes Luis da, et al. "An Immunohistochemical Study on the Pancreatic Endocrine Cells of the Three-toed Sloth, Bradypus variegatzcs." Archives of Histology and Cytology 55.2 (1992): 203-209.    

Vecino, Elena, and Peter Ekström. "Colocalization of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like and FMRFamide-like immunoreactivities in the brain of the Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)." Cell and tissue research 270.3 (1992): 435-442. PubMed ID: 1486597

Hanke, Joachim, Axel Willig, and Peter P. Jaros. "Differential localization of leu-enkephalin and hyperglycemic hormone in axon terminals of the sinus gland of the crabsCarcinus maenas, eriocheir sinensis, andUca pugilator." Cell and tissue research 270.3 (1992): 521-526. Tested in Crab, PubMed ID: 8392990

Rama Krishna, N. S., and Nishikant K. Subhedar. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the forebrain of the catfish, Clarias batrachus(Linn.)." Peptides 13.1 (1992): 183-191. Tested in Catfish, PubMed ID: 1352401

Beorlegui, Carmen, Alfredo Martínez, and Pilar Sesma. "Endocrine cells and nerves in the pyloric ceca and the intestine ofOncorhynchus mykiss(Teleostei): An immunocytochemical study." General and comparative endocrinology 86.3 (1992): 483-495.    PubMed ID: 1383078

Rama Krishna, N. S., Nishikant Subhedar, and Martin P. Schreibman. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactive nervus terminalis innervation to the pituitary in the catfish,Clarias batrachus(Linn.): Demonstration by lesion and immunocytochemical techniques." General and comparative endocrinology 85.1 (1992): 111-117.

Wicht, Helmut, and R. Glenn Northcutt. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the brain of the Pacific hagfish, Eptatretus stouti (Myxinoidea)." Cell and tissue research 270.3 (1992): 443-449. Tested in Hagfish, PubMed ID: 1486598

Small, S. A., et al. "Identified FMRFamide-immunoreactive neuron LPL16 in the left pleural ganglion of Aplysia produces presynaptic inhibition of siphon sensory neurons." The Journal of neuroscience 12.5 (1992): 1616-1627. Tested in Aplysia Californica (Sea Slug), PubMed ID: 1349637

Soinila, S. E. P. P. O., GEORGE J. Mpitsos, and J. O. U. N. I. Soinila. "Immunohistochemistry of enkephalins: model studies on hapten-carrier conjugates and fixation methods." Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 40.2 (1992): 231-239. Tested in Rat, PubMed ID: 1552166

Sivasubramanian, P. "Localization of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the larval midgut of the fly, Sarcophaga bullata." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Comparative Pharmacology 102.3 (1992): 555-560. Tested in Fly.

Nässel, Dick R., Rafael Cantera, and Anne Karlsson. "Neurons in the cockroach nervous system reacting with antisera to the neuropeptide leucokinin I." Journal of Comparative Neurology 322.1 (1992): 45-67. Tested in Cockroach, PubMed ID: 1430310

Wegerhoff, Rainer, and Olaf Breidbach. "Structure and development of the larval central complex in a holometabolous insect, the beetle Tenebrio molitor." Cell and tissue research 268.2 (1992): 341-358. Tested in Beetle.

Hay-Schmidt, Anders. "Ultrastructure and immunocytochemistry of the nervous system of the larvae ofLingula anatina andGlottidia sp.(Brachiopoda)." Zoomorphology 112.4 (1992): 189-205. Tested in Brachiopods.

Sithigorngul, Paisarn, Antony OW Stretton, and Cynthia Cowden. "A versatile dot-ELISA method with femtomole sensitivity for detecting small peptides." Journal of immunological methods 141.1 (1991): 23-32. PubMed ID: 1865121

Honkanen, Tapio, and Peter Ekström. "An immunocytochemical study of the development of the olfactory system in the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L., Teleostei)." Anatomy and embryology 184.5 (1991): 469-477. Tested in Three-Spined Stickleback (Fish), PubMed ID: 1720599

Vallarino, M., et al. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the brain of the elasmobranch fish Scyliorhinus canicula." Peptides 12.6 (1991): 1321-1328. Tested in Fish, PubMed ID: 1687710

Tsang, Paul W., and Ian Orchard. "Distribution of FMRFamide‐related peptides in the blood‐feeding bug Rhodnius prolixus." Journal of Comparative Neurology 311.1 (1991): 17-32. Tested in Rhodnius Prolixus (Bug), PubMed ID: 1939734

Lange, Angela B., Ian Orchard, and Vicki A. Te Brugge. "Evidence for the involvement of a SchistoFLRF-amide-like peptide in the neural control of locust oviduct." Journal of Comparative Physiology A 168.3 (1991): 383-391. Tested in Locust.

Mercier, A. JOFFRE, I. Orchard, and V. I. C. T. O. R. I. A. TeBrugge. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the crayfish nervous system." Journal of Experimental Biology 156.1 (1991): 519-538. Tested in Crayfish, PubMed ID: 2051135

Sivasubramanian, P. "FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the ventral ganglion of the fly sarcophaga bullata: Metamorphic changes." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Comparative Pharmacology 99.3 (1991): 507-512. Tested in Fly, PubMed ID: 1685426

Wright, Douglas E., and Leo S. Demski. "Gonadotropin hormone‐releasing hormone (GnRH) immunoreactivity in the mesencephalon of sharks and rays." Journal of comparative neurology 307.1 (1991): 49-56. Tested in Ray and Shark, PubMed ID: 1856319

Singla, C. L., and G. O. Mackie. "Immunogold labelling of FMRFamide-like neuropeptide in neurons of Aglantha digitale (Hydromedusae: Trachylina)." Canadian journal of zoology 69.3 (1991): 800-802.

Soinila, Seppo, and George J. Mpitsos. "Immunohistochemistry of diverging and converging neurotransmitter systems in mollusks." The Biological Bulletin 181.3 (1991): 484-499. Tested in Mollusk.

Kelley, Susan G., and Frederick J. Post. Microbiology techniques. Star Publishing Company (Belmont, CA), 1991.

Welsford, I. G., and D. J. Prior. "Modulation of heart activity in the terrestrial slug Limax maximus by the feeding motor program, small cardioactive peptides and stimulation of buccal neuron B1." Journal of experimental biology 155.1 (1991): 1-19. Tested in Slug, PubMed ID: 2016573

Szabo, Thomas, et al. "The olfactoretinalis system= terminal nerve?." Neuroreport 2.2 (1991): 73-76. PubMed ID: 1679353

Honkanen, Tapio, and Peter Ekström. "An immunocytochemical study of the olfactory projections in the three‐spined stickleback, gasterosteus aculeatus, L." Journal of Comparative Neurology 292.1 (1990): 65-72. PubMed ID: 1968916

Martin, Vicki J. "Development of nerve cells in hydrozoan planulae: III. Some interstitial cells traverse the ganglionic pathway in the endoderm." The Biological Bulletin 178.1 (1990): 10-20.

Rusoff, Anne C., and Sharon J. Hapner. "Development of retinopetal projections in the cichlid fish, Herotilapia multispinosa." Journal of Comparative Neurology 294.3 (1990): 431-442. PubMed ID: 2341620

Elekes, K., and D. R. Nässel. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactive neurons in the central nervous system of the snail Helix pomatia." Cell and Tissue Research 262.1 (1990): 177-190. Tested in Snail.

Östholm, Thomas, Peter Ekström, and Sven OE Ebbesson. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the brain, retina and nervus terminalis of the sockeye salmon parr, Oncorhynchus nerka." Cell and tissue research 261.3 (1990): 403-418.

Ekström, P., et al. "Neural elements in the pineal complex of the frog, Rana esculenta, II: GABA-immunoreactive neurons and FMRFamide-immunoreactive efferent axons." Visual neuroscience 4.05 (1990): 399-412. PubMed ID: 2176814

Rusoff, Anne C., and Sharon J. Hapner. "Organization of retinopetal axons in the optic nerve of the cichlid fish, Herotilapia multispinosa." Journal of Comparative Neurology 294.3 (1990): 418-430. PubMed ID: 2341619

Kameya, Torn. "Spectrum of neuroendocrine marker substance production in carcinoid tumors revealed by immunohistochemistry." Endocrine pathology update. New York: Field and Wood (1990): 151-169.

Ohtomi, Michiko, Ken Fujii, and Hideshi Kobayashi. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the brain and neurohypophysis of the lamprey, Lampetra japonica." Cell and tissue research 256.3 (1989): 581-584. Tested in Lamprey, PubMed ID: 2743395

Chen, Shur-Tzu, Ming Shu Tsai, and Ching Liang Shen. "Distribution of FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in the central nervous system of the Formosan monkey (Macaca cyclopsis)." Peptides 10.4 (1989): 825-834. PubMed ID: 2587424

Lewandowski, Thomas J., Herman K. Lehman, and Steven C. Chamberlain. "Immunoreactivity in Limulus: III. Morphological and biochemical studies of FMRFamide‐like immunoreactivity and colocalized substance P‐like immunoreactivity in the brain and lateral eye." Journal of Comparative Neurology 288.1 (1989): 136-153. PubMed ID: 2477411

Weber, Christian. "Smooth muscle fibers of Podocoryne carnea (Hydrozoa) demonstrated by a specific monoclonal antibody and their association with neurons showing FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity." Cell and tissue research 255.2 (1989): 275-282.

Rusoff, Anne C., and A. E. Hendrickson. "Some mammalian retinae lack FMRF-amide-like immunoreactive efferents." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 30.5 (1989): 791-794. PubMed ID: 2656570

Martin, Vicki J. "Development of nerve cells in hydrozoan planulae: II. Examination of sensory cell differentiation using electron microscopy and immunocytochemistry." The Biological Bulletin 175.1 (1988): 65-78.

Ohlsson, L. G., K. U. I. Johansson, and C. J. P. Grimmelikhuijzen. "Light and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry of neurons in the blowfly optic lobe reacting with antisera to RFamide and FMRFamide." Neuroscience 27.1 (1988): 347-362.

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